The Mental and the Physical Assignment

The Mental and the Physical Assignment
The Mental and the Physical Assignment
1. The problem that, according to David Chalmers, has not been sufficiently
solved by physicalist theories of mind is known as the “hard problem
of consciousness.” The hard problem is contrasted with the easy problems,
for which physicalism can account more easily. Which of the following
is NOT an example of an easy problem?
(A) How is it possible for an organism to discriminate between two
different colors?
(B) How is it possible for human beings to report mental states?
(C) Why is there a subjective component to experience?
(D) Why are certain brain states correlated with certain behaviors?
(E) How are we able to remember things that happened in the past?
Metaphysics ❮ 101
2. Qualia is typically used to refer to which of the following?
(A) The differences between mental states and physical states
(B) The ability to feel pain and pleasure
(C) Publicly accessible expressions of mental states (e.g., wincing
or crying when in pain)
(D) The subjective, phenomenal “feel” of experience
(E) The dual properties of the mental and the physical
3. Which of the following gives the most accurate term for any theory
that there is just one kind of substance underlying the whole of reality?
(A) Monism
(B) Pantheism
(C) Substance dualism
(D) Epiphenomenalism
(E) Property dualism
The Mental and the Physical Assignment
4. Zombies, in the context of the philosophy of mind, are creatures that behave
just like us, yet lack conscious experience. The mere possibility of zombies
is typically supposed to present a specific problem to .
(A) substance dualism
(B) property dualism
(C) monism
(D) physicalism
(E) idealism
5. Which of the following does NOT represent a stance on the causal relation
between the mental and the physical in a dualist theory of mind?
(A) Epiphenomenalism
(B) Functionalism
(C) Parallelism
(D) Occasionalism
(E) Interactionism
6. The hugely influential Frank Jackson article “What Mary Didn’t Know”
includes a thought experiment about a scientist who experiences
for the first time in her life.
(A) consciousness
(B) sound
(C) love
(D) color
(E) pain
102 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Philosophy Questions
7. The theory of mind according to which mental states should be thought
of in terms of the role they play in the larger system of which they are
a part is .
(A) emergentism
(B) functionalism
(C) type-type identity theory
(D) physical reductionism
(E) property dualism
8. Which of the following claims could NOT be used to criticize substance
(A) It is entirely unclear how a nonphysical substance could interact
causally with a physical substance.
(B) The fact that the natural world is “causally closed” entails that
the mind cannot affect anything in the natural world.
(C) Whenever the brain is shut down, the mind shuts down as well.
(D) If we can explain the natural world without positing immaterial
substances (like minds), then Occam’s razor requires that we leave
immaterial substances out of our explanations.
(E) It is entirely unclear how subjective properties could emerge out
of purely objective properties.
9. The view that mental events have no effect on physical events is known
as .
(A) dualism
(B) occasionalism
(C) supervenience theory
(D) functionalism
(E) epiphenomenalism
The Mental and the Physical Assignment
10. According to, our commonsense beliefs about our own
minds are false, and true beliefs about the mind involve only biological
or physical explanations.
(A) substance monism
(B) eliminative materialism
(C) functionalism
(D) epiphenomenalism
(E) property dualism
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