Public Administration: A Distinct Field of Study for Public Service

Posted: June 7th, 2024

  1. Introduction

Public administration is essential to improving society since it is based on social transformation, public policy, and community welfare. It differs from business administration in that it places a distinct emphasis on the public good, prioritizing society advancement and philanthropy over financial gain (Szczepaniuk et al., 2020). I strongly advocate for public administration’s recognition as a separate academic subject through my position paper. Its unique objectives, tenets, and noteworthy contributions to society highlight the need for acknowledging it as an essential topic of study, guaranteeing that the professionals it trains are prepared to handle the complex issues facing our communities and the global community.

  1. History of Public Administration
  2. Definition of Public Administration

As a broad field of study, public administration examines government programs and policies in great detail. It acts as a pivot point between the public and governance, emphasizing effective administration and structuring of public institutions to take on difficult social issues head-on. This sector emphasizes responsibility, responsiveness, and openness while navigating the complex maze of public service (Scupola & Mergel, 2022). Aiming for constructive social development, public administrators plan, organize, and carry out programs that have a direct influence on the lives of residents. Public administration professionals dedicate their lives to improving public welfare by developing their abilities in policy analysis, resource allocation, and effective decision-making (Edelmann & Mergel, 2021). This results in fair access to critical services, justice, and a greater standard of living for all members of society. Using meticulous investigation and pragmatic implementation, public administration persistently molds policies that promote diversity and advancement in society.

  1. Woodrow Wilson’s Contributions

Woodrow Wilson’s advocacy for creating a professional, merit-based civil service system has had a significant and lasting influence on public administration throughout history. With a focus on hiring specialists based on their qualifications rather than their political ties, his innovative method established the discipline’s foundation (Tamronglak, 2020). Wilson instilled in public service the values of knowledge, efficiency, and responsibility, which resonate today. Through the advancement of a knowledgeable and committed staff, he improved government organizations and made sure they functioned efficiently (Broomfield & Reutter, 2022). Wilson’s emphasis on accountability promoted public trust in governmental institutions by establishing a culture of accountability and openness. His achievements not only shaped the course of public administration but also established long-lasting norms for moral leadership, opening the door for a strong and responsible public sector committed to providing the people with honesty and diligence.

  1. Civil Service Reform

A major turning point in the development of public administration in the US has been civil service reform, which has ushered in a period of competence, justice, and honesty in governmental operations. This reform effort was key in creating a merit-based system in which skill and credentials were considered over political connections when appointing and promoting individuals (Kregel et al., 2022). Civil service reform guaranteed that public employees were not only competent but also committed to the public welfare ideals by enacting stringent selection procedures and uniform exams. This focus on proficiency improved the standard of government services by encouraging effectiveness and professionalism. Additionally, the civil service reform brought a feeling of justice by providing everyone with equal opportunity regardless of background or connections (Zacka, 2022). Essentially, this reform program changed the face of public administration and made room for an accountable, meritocratic public sector that would always serve the country with honesty and steadfast determination.

III. Public Administration vs. Business Administration

  1. Incorporation of Business Theories

To improve corporate culture and management techniques, public administration has included business administration theories, such as classical organizational management (Kregel et al., 2022). For example, the emphasis on hierarchy, specialization, and efficiency in classical organizational management concepts has permeated contemporary organizational systems. My experience has shown me that these ideas work in government organizations, resulting in more efficient operations and higher output.

  1. Purpose Comparison

Although they have many commonalities, public and commercial administrations differ greatly in their central goals and ideas. Serving the greater good, placing a strong emphasis on social fairness, and advancing communal welfare are the fundamental goals of public administration (Kregel et al., 2022). The goal of public administration is to establish a just and equitable society via the diligent formulation of policies, distribution of resources, and provision of services that meet social requirements. Their main goals are to guarantee that individuals have access to necessary services, to advance equal opportunities, and to enhance their general quality of life.

  1. Practical Realities

There are several economic areas in which business and public administration are active. Public administration, which emphasizes social welfare and public service delivery, is widely used in government agencies, nonprofits, and international institutions (Edelmann & Mergel, 2021). With an emphasis on financial growth and market competitiveness, business administration is most successful in the private sector. Their disparate aims and ideals are reflected in the vast differences in career prospects and norms of conduct.

  1. Conclusion

Public administration is shown to be a distinctive and important area of study that provides special insights and competencies suited to the advancement of social change and public welfare. Those who choose a career path based in public administration will be better equipped to solve difficult social challenges and enhance the lives of others since there is an increasing need for mission-driven professionals in public service. The area of public administration has gained recognition as a distinct academic discipline, signifying that society recognizes the unique set of talents and principles needed to successfully traverse the complex terrain of public service and secure a more promising and just future for all.




Broomfield, H., & Reutter, L. (2022). In search of the citizen in the datafication of public administration. Big Data and Society, 9(1).

Edelmann, N., & Mergel, I. (2021). Co-production of digital public services in Austrian public administrations. Administrative Sciences, 11(1).

Kregel, I., Distel, B., & Coners, A. (2022). Business Process Management Culture in Public Administration and Its Determinants. Business and Information Systems Engineering, 64(2).

Scupola, A., & Mergel, I. (2022). Co-production in the digital transformation of public administration and public value creation: The case of Denmark. Government Information Quarterly, 39(1).

Szczepaniuk, E. K., Szczepaniuk, H., Rokicki, T., & Klepacki, B. (2020). Information security assessment in public administration. Computers and Security, 90.

Tamronglak, A. (2020). Impacts of the Thailand qualification framework–Public administration on public administration education in Thailand. In Journal of Public Affairs Education (Vol. 26, Issue 3).

Zacka, B. (2022). Political Theory Rediscovers Public Administration. In Annual Review of Political Science (Vol. 25).

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