Order Psychosocial Stages of Development

Order Psychosocial Stages of Development
Order Psychosocial Stages of Development
1. Erikson’s theory of __________________ involves a series of eight stages,
each of which consists of a crisis that must be resolved for healthy development across the life span.
(A) autonomy
(B) psychosocial development
(C) integrity
(D) identity
2. The caregiver’s response to the infant’s needs for nourishment, comfort,
and affection helps foster a sense of ___________ and the virtue of hope
in the infant.
(A) autonomy
(B) trust
(C) integrity
(D) identity
52 › MHE 500 MCAT: Behavioral Sciences
199. Stage 2, ___________________, is characterized by advancing physical
and cognitive development and abilities, and infants and toddlers strive for
a sense of independence.
(A) autonomy verses shame and doubt
(B) initiative verses guilt
(C) identity verses intimacy
(D) trust verses mistrust
200. Which of the following is a psychosocial stage in which children are eager
to do things for themselves but are vulnerable to parental disapproval and
may feel overly guilty when they make a mistake or mess?
(A) Autonomy verses shame and doubt
(B) Initiative verses guilt
(C) Identity verses intimacy
(D) Trust verses mistrust
Order Psychosocial Stages of Development
201. College, missions, Peace Corps, and internships allow adolescents and
young adults the freedom to explore different career areas without a lifelong commitment. These are examples of
(A) identity achieved
(B) moratorium
(C) foreclosure
(D) identity diffusion
202. Self-understanding promotes a secure identity in young adults that allows
them to find intimacy and avoid
(A) isolation
(B) guilt
(C) mistrust
(D) generativity
203. Engaging in community outreach, parenting, and mentorship are ways
adults fulfill the need for
(A) intimacy
(B) foreclosure
(C) identity
(D) generativity
Stages of Psychosocial Development ‹ 53
Fill-in-the-Blank Questions
204. Parents’ sensitive responses of encouragement and careful demonstrations
of desired behaviors will increase a child’s sense of purpose and confidence and help the child avoid excessive _______________ over making
205. Erikson emphasizes that adult __________ grows out of social affiliations, partnerships, and roles beginning in adolescence and continuing into
emerging adulthood.
206. ________________ is characterized by an adult’s efforts to make a contribution to the future and the next generation.
207. Regret and fear of dying may be indications of ____________ brought on
by accumulated conflicts that have not been resolved.
208. Children of authoritarian parents are likely to experience ______________
shame and doubt than children of authoritative parents.
209. The four areas in which adolescents and young adults pursue identity development are __________________, ________________,
___________________, and ________________.
Order Psychosocial Stages of Development
210. Peer supports provide a value system for developing ______________ and
confidence in school-age children and adolescents.
Short-Answer Questions
211. Erikson believed that upon gaining self-awareness, children are motivated toward autonomy. Explain what increases pride or shame in early
212. In what way does a formal school setting help children build self-concept?
213. Describe the significance of identity on relationships in early adulthood.
214. Compare and contrast Erikson’s and Freud’s stages of development.
215. Describe in terms of commitment and exploration the four ways in which
adolescents and young adults approach identity development.
54 › MHE 500 MCAT: Behavioral Sciences
216. Explain why going to college is an appropriate moratorium in identity
217. In what way does resolving the generativity crisis prepare the older adult
for resolving the integrity versus despair crisis?
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