Order Consequentialism and Utilitarianism

Order Consequentialism and Utilitarianism
Order Consequentialism and Utilitarianism
Consequentialism and Utilitarianism
1. Consequentialism is the view that .
(A) every action has consequences
(B) only moral actions have consequences
(C) morality is a field that is consequential
(D) actions should be judged in terms of their intent
(E) acts are to be morally judged in terms of their consequences
20 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 Philosophy Questions
2. An advantage of consequentialism is that it .
(A) can account for immorality simply in terms of harm
(B) gives all of the same results as common sense does
(C) encourages people to treat human beings with special respect
(D) maximizes justice for the most people
(E) focuses on human beings as moral agents
3. An action that is morally is defined as supererogatory.
(A) good
(B) permissible
(C) neutral
(D) good but not required
(E) required
4. Why does consequentialism have difficulty accounting for
supererogatory acts?
(A) It intrinsically values only pleasure.
(B) It cannot take account of the moral goodness of an agent.
(C) It cannot take a sense of duty into account.
(D) It is interested only in the consequences of actions.
(E) It makes everything that is morally good obligatory.
5. A weakness of consequentialism is that it .
(A) requires too many rules
(B) does not take into account the intention with which an action
is done
(C) cannot assign moral responsibility to those who act
(D) cannot explain why many actions that we would consider wrong
are wrong
(E) puts too much emphasis on the moral goodness or badness
of individuals
6. Which of the following is NOT a weakness of consequentialism?
(A) It leaves the moral agent out of the picture.
(B) It cannot take considerations of justice into account.
(C) It can only consider actual, not expected, results.
(D) It cannot take other people’s good into account.
(E) It cannot take account of the moral value of humans.
Ethical Theory ❮ 21
7. Rule consequentialism says that rules should be put in place that
Order Consequentialism and Utilitarianism
(A) always have good results
(B) most people can agree upon
(C) the morally best people devise
(D) are not the same as traditional rules
(E) are such that following them consistently will give the best results
8. A disadvantage of rule consequentialism with respect to act
consequentialism is that it .
(A) requires rule following even in cases where it does not maximize
(B) cannot take account of the moral value of intentions
(C) would revise most commonsense moral rules
(D) is too traditional
(E) is not impartial
9. Utility in ethical theory is roughly equivalent to .
(A) justice
(B) responsibility
(C) efficiency
(D) happiness
(E) convenience
10. In normative theory, utilitarianism is a species of .
(A) value theory
(B) virtue ethics
(C) consequentialism
(D) ethical egoism
(E) duty-based ethics
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