British Policies and Its Economic Impact in India

British Policies and Its Economic Impact in India
British Policies and Its Economic Impact in India
1. Who is known as the ‘Champion of the
irrigation system’ in South India?
[UKPSC 2016]
(a) Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton
(b) Colonel Baird Smith
(c) Lieutenant Blen
(d) Colonel Robert Smith
2. The tendency for increased irrigation
was visible after the introduction of land
settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in
1793. The reason for this normally
traced to which of the following
provisions? [IAS (Pre) 2011]
British Policies and Its Economic Impact in India
(a) Making Zamindar’s position stronger
vis-a-vis the ryot.
(b) Making East India Company an
overlord of Zamindars.
(c) Making Judicial system more efficient.
(d) None of the (a), (b) and (c) above
3. Which of the following was not one of
the important results of British land
revenue systems?
(a) Creation of a class of landholders.
(b) It suddenly gave boost to agricultural
(c) Cultivators got security rights.
(d) It deprived the traditional landed
class of its control over land.
4. Given below are two statements, one is
labelled as Assertion (A) and the other
as Reason (R).
Assertion (A) The British Government
introduced different land revenue
system in different part of India.
Reason (R) It led to creation of different
classes in Indian peasantry.
Select the correct answer from the
codes given below. [UPPSC 2020]
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the
correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the
correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true
5. Who among the following introduced
the Permanent Settlement of Bengal in
1793? [NDA 2018]
(a) Lord Cornwallis (b) Lord Ripon
(c) Robert Clive (d) John Adam
6. When and where did Permanent
Settlement introduced?
[UPPSC (Mains) 2010]
(a) 1787 (Bengal, Punjab, Karnataka)
(b) 1789 (Bengal, Orissa, Calcutta)
(c) 1790 (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow)
(d) 1793 (Bengal, Orissa, Bihar)
7. Permanent Settlement was a feature of
(a) Zamindari System [WBCS 2008]
(b) Ryotwari System
(c) Mahalwari System
(d) None of the above
British Policies and Its Economic Impact in India
8. Under the Permanent Settlement,
1793, the Zamindars were allowed to
issue pattas to the farmers which were
not issued by many Zamindars. The
reason was
(a) the Zamindars were trusted by the
(b) there was no official check upon the
(c) it was the responsibility of the British
(d) the farmers were not interested in
getting pattas.
9. What was the consequence of
Permanent Settlement on rural society
in Bengal? [NDA 2020]
(a) The Zamindars invested capital and
enterprise to improve agriculture
along lines of British Yeoman famers.
(b) A group of rich peasants known as
jotedars succeeded in consolidating
their position in the villages.
(c) The ryots prospered as a result of
fixed revenue levy imposed on them.
(d) The system of Collectorate introduced
by the Company for exercising
supervisory control on Zamindars
failed to take off.
10. Which of the following features of the
Permanent Settlement of 1793 is/are
correct? [NDA 2015]
I. The Permanent Settlement vested
land ownership rights in the peasants.
II. The Permanent Settlement vested land
ownership rights in the Zamindars.
III. The Zamindars had to pay a fixed
amount of rent by a particular date.
IV. The Zamindars benefitted hugely
from the Permanent Settlement while
the peasants suffered.
Select the correct answer using the
codes given below.
(a) Only I (b) II and III
(c) Only IV (d) I, II and III
11. Consider the following statements about
the Permanent Settlement introduced by
the East India Company’s government
in 1793.
I. Under the settlement the Zamindars
were granted heredity rights over land
on the condition that they would pay
fixed amount of revenue to the state.
II. The Permanent Settlement was first
introduced in Bengal and Bihar.
III. It was later extended to Orissa, the
Northern District of Madras.
IV. Thomas Munro was the architect of
the Permanent Settlement.
Which of the statements given above
are correct?
(a) I, II, III and IV (b) I, II and III
(c) I and II (d) I, III and IV
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